Lower Rhine Trees Plants
Various trees grow in the Lower Rhine area. Some are part of the natural tree population on the Lower Rhine. These include beech, oak, alder and the head trees which are so typical of this area.
Other tree species, especially pine and spruce, have been planted in the past in order to reforest cleared areas as quickly as possible. However, since they are only partially included in the original forest stands of the Lower Rhine, conifers are now being replaced by deciduous trees in many places. This not only preserves the original landscape of the Lower Rhine, but also the animal and plant population, which depends on the type of trees in the respective forest area.
Although many forest areas on the Lower Rhine have been cleared or destroyed in the course of history , there are still some ancient trees. These are now designated as a natural monument. Not to be forgotten are the often impressive trees in the gardens and parks. In the past, it was a question of prestige for nobles and large industrialists to own an artistically designed park. Today, gardens and parks serve as an oasis of calm and as a place to relax, in which one can find many exotic trees in addition to beautiful tree alleys.
In the region of the Lower Rhine there are numerous poplar alleys. They grow very quickly and belong to the deciduous trees and can grow up to 25 meters high.
Oaks have always inspired people with their very special charater. In the past, oaks were also planted as specimen trees, border trees. Some Oaks are very old.
In many forest areas on the Lower Rhine you can find pronounced pine forests, including the Reichswald. In many cases they were planted on cleared areas.
There are a number of different types of birch on the Lower Rhine, including the white birch and the sand birch, which are characterized by their white bark.
The Lower Rhine also has a diverse flora and fauna. the nature lover will find various colorful flowers and plants in fields, meadows and in forests, heathlands and river landscapes. Furthermore, parks and gardens such as the botanical garden in Krefeld or the terrace garden in Kamp-Lintfort complement the already great flora of the Lower Rhine. This population is closely linked to the population of animals and insects that find a habitat or food in the plants, flowers and trees.
The special features of the Lower Rhine landscape, with its wet meadows, boggy areas and floodplain landscapes, as well as with its damp forest areas but also sometimes sandy soils, offer a habitat even for rare plants. In some places, such as the so-called Kolken, water holes that were created in the past by dike breaks, numerous aquatic plants and reed species grow. In addition to the typical bell heather, you can also find juniper bushes in the heath areas. Moor lilies, on the other hand, are typical of spring bogs.
Numerous types of fern and fungi also grow in forests. Dandelions, daisies, yarrow and meadow foam or real primroses bloom on the meadows. Those who keep their eyes open on the Lower Rhine will be amazed by the biodiversity of plants and flowers. Holidays on the Rhine are therefore becoming increasingly popular.
The Lower Rhine has a 2000 km long, well-signposted network of cycle paths. You can rent bikes on many places.
Gardens & parks invite you to linger or go for a walk. They are oases of calm and witness to garden art.